on the organization of the educational process using distance educational technology in TVE organizations for the period of a pandemic
The educational process in TVE organizations on distance educational technology (DOT) is carried out according to the following scheme:
1. Preparation of teaching materials + 2. Conducting online classes + 3. Independent work of students in offline mode + 4. Monitoring student progress
- Preparation of teaching materials
The preparation of teaching materials involves the development of a distance course in a discipline / module for a certain period of study.
Distance learning course (hereinafter referred to as DC) is a complex of interrelated electronic educational resources and processes that ensure the achievement of educational goals at a distance.
DC is a step-by-step instruction for mastering educational material in a discipline / module, developed with a certain degree of detail.
Depending on the specifics of the specialties, it is possible to undergo industrial training and practice by organizing classes in an online format with video materials and practical tasks from real production situations.
DC consists of two main interconnected blocks: instructive and informational.
The instructional block includes guidelines for the study of the discipline / module.
Methodological guidelines for the study of a discipline / module are necessary in a learning environment with the use of DOT, when the student works more independently. It is necessary to provide for all possible difficulties and questions related to all periods of study – beginning, end, the process of completing assignments, etc.
To facilitate the first steps of students and their adaptation to work, it is advisable to separately describe the following positions:
– requirements for a complex of technical solutions. Specialized programs required to work with the course. The main technical problems and options for their solution;
– the basic method of working with the course (independent work, work in a group, work with a teacher, etc.);
– navigation through the course (it is possible to present an interactive learning scheme from module to module with tasks);
– the approximate time to study the materials;
– recommendations for interaction with the teacher;
– explanations about working with the test system of the course, on completing homework and control tasks, studying lectures, etc., can also be indicated in the methodological instructions, or in the description before the corresponding element of the course, which may include requirements for the content, volume, design and presentation of the material;
– description of the student assessment system;
– criteria for assessing students’ knowledge for all types of control of progress used in the course, as well as the maximum score that a student can receive for each control event.
The information block consists of a theoretical and practical part.
The theoretical part may include:
– lecture notes;
– study guide;
– electronic textbook, video tutorial;
– additional sources of information, etc.
The practical part may include:
– exercises (trainings);
– abstracts, etc.
- Conducting online classes
Online classes are an integral part of the educational process, especially in conditions when it is not possible to conduct face-to-face classes. Technologies of this kind make it possible to create a single open educational environment and can simultaneously perform three functions: teaching (the content of the lesson itself), consulting; (chat mode) and supervisory (polling mode).
Online classes have a number of undeniable advantages over other forms of classes:
– the teacher can use a variety of teaching tools: presentations, video tutorials, interactive posters, websites and much more; other;
– the possibility of live communication between the teacher and students remains;
– the teacher can conduct an online lesson from any place convenient for him, and the students “be present” on it in the full composition of the group; – the teacher has access to the recording of the online lesson, which he can view and revise at a convenient time and analyze it in order to improve the teaching process in this way. Students who have missed classes can view the recording of the online class in the archive of the educational platform.
Online classes are held according to the approved schedule of classes using an online resource (for example, ZOOM, Skype, etc.). To participate in online classes, the student must have a computer, laptop, tablet or smartphone with a camera and microphone. It is advisable to use a laptop. The smartphone must be connected to the Internet with WhatsApp.
To conduct classes, you must first create a WhatsApp group separately for each discipline / module for students. Groups are needed to conduct chats and exchange information with the teacher, as well as obtain links to participate in online classes.
After receiving the link, students, according to the time indicated in it, enter the educational platform using it and join the lesson. The platform page displays the students present. The teacher marks them in the journal.
During classes, presentation slides, video tutorials and other educational materials are shown on the screen, and the teacher voices his comments on them. Students see and hear all this on the screen of their device.
The procedure for conducting online classes:
Step 1. Drawing up an online lesson plan.
The curriculum should be structured in such a way that students acquire certain skills at the end of the lesson. You can motivate students to move on to the next lesson using homework or an important bonus that will be presented at the end of the course.
Step 2. Technical organization of online classes.
It is necessary to choose the site on which the event itself will be held. It should be convenient for students to register and participate in the online lesson.
Step 3. Preparation of the teacher’s appearance.
Consider two guidelines when preparing your look:
– the webcam conveys monotonous colors better. Avoid pinstripe or check patterns, they can ripple;
– as a rule, only the face and shoulders of the speaker are included in the frame. PS: A business suit without unnecessary details, a neat hairstyle is best suited.
Step 4. Preparation of educational material for online classes. When preparing a presentation for an online lesson, consider the following features:
– try to avoid small text on slides (do not use fonts less than 16);
– do not linger on one static slide for more than two or three minutes;
– Feel free to use animation to liven up your presentation; – draw or underline something on the slide, it is convenient and visual;
– more text is allowed at presentations for a webinar than at presentations for “live” performances: webinar participants are closer to the image and pay more attention to it;
– try to visualize content, use pictures and images.
The video lesson is compiled in accordance with the following requirements:
1) setting the goal of the lesson, tasks and expected results (video with the teacher’s comments, the goal, tasks and expected results are shown on the screen in large print);
2) an explanation of the new educational material by the teacher or consolidation of the passed material in the previous lessons (video with the teacher’s comments, in the credits of the teacher’s name and surname);
3) educational tasks, exercises (activities) to consolidate the acquired knowledge (2-3 tasks on the screen in large print); 4) reflection or questions for consolidation with the teacher’s comments (3-5 questions on the screen in large print);
5) additional digital resources on the topic (on the screen in large print 1-2 tsor with the obligatory commentary of the teacher on their use);
6) links to recommended additional resources for self-study by students.
Step 5. Conducting online classes.
The main content of the online lesson includes:
– introduction ( greeting, checking the quality of the network and connected students, announcing the rules for conducting the lesson );
– presentation of educational material;
– questions and answers.
An online lesson is recommended for 15 minutes on each topic.
6 step. Consolidation of the studied material.
All materials are posted on the platform of the online resource and are attached to each topic, available for download and viewing at any time.
- Independent work of students in offline mode
Independent work of students in offline mode (IWS) is carried out under the guidance of a teacher using an online resource (for example, Google Classroom, PLATONUS, etc.), includes interactive consultations on all educational materials of the discipline / module .
The student completes the IWS assignments within the timeframes specified in the Lesson Plan, draws up them in the form of a file and sends them to the teacher for verification. After verification, your grades can be seen in the electronic journal.
If there are virtual laboratory works, the teacher sends a link to complete them. The student at home independently performs the calculations and sends them for verification to the teacher by e-mail or through the tab of the electronic educational resource.
Teacher’s consultations are a prerequisite for the implementation of distance learning technology. The teacher is personally responsible for consulting and organizing feedback from students.
Consultations in the implementation of educational curricula with the use of DOT can be carried out in various forms: – full-time individual (at the initiative of the teacher);
– remote individual (by phone, via e-mail, chat, forum);
– remote group (via chat, FAQ section – frequently asked questions on the website, in the form of teleconferences).
The order of independent work of students in offline mode:
- The student gets acquainted with the content of the educational material in the discipline / module after the online lesson, studies the basic and additional literature.
Note: the teacher sets the number of online lessons for the discipline / module according to the lesson plan and timetable.
- The student completes the task for monitoring. Tasks for monitoring consist in answering questions for self-monitoring after each online lesson and / or performing practical work. Note: the teacher independently sets the number of practical tasks for self-control after each online lesson.
- Questions for self-control are given, as a rule, after each topic in the discipline / module. The student studies the educational material and answers questions for self-control. The teacher evaluates the work of each student. In case of unsatisfactory assessment, it is possible to re-perform the work and check it.
- Tasks for practical work and guidelines for their implementation are given in the practical part of the DC. The student completes the task and sends his answer to the teacher.
Students send the completed work to the cloud to the mail provided by the teacher, to WhatsApp or simply to the teacher’s mail, where they also receive the teacher’s comments.
Note: works are handed over in accordance with the deadlines for completing the assignment, which are set by the teacher.
- After studying each discipline / module, the student completes tasks for intermediate certification. Control consists in passing the test and participating in the forum of the provided content by the teacher.
The forum can also be used to communicate with the teacher in case of difficulties or questions.
Note: the threshold for passing the test is set by the teacher.
- Monitoring the progress of studentsat DOT can take place in the form of test tasks, answering questions, solving problems, discussing on the forum, performing other types of tasks.
The final grade for the discipline / module is set by calculating the average grade for the discipline / module.
An educational organization that implements DOT must organize monitoring of students’ progress in an information system protected against forgery, falsification by using electronic methods of restricting access, methods of independent assessment, public defense of works in territorial certification commissions.
The organization of education maintains a complete record and archival storage of the results of the educational process of all students with the help of an educational computer information system and electronic personal files of students.